Ghana is a West African country with a land area of about 228,533 square kilometers and over 30 million population. Before the year 2020, Ghana had ten(10) Regions.
Ghana held a referendum to create new Regions on December 27, 2018, and voting took place in all forty-seven (47) districts selected to be part of these new Regional creations. This election recorded 99% yes votes in all regions and turnouts ranging from 80-90%.
This turnout brought about the creation of six more new Regions, which led to the division of some already existing Regions.
Six new Regions have been created from the Volta, Brong Ahafo, Northern, and Western Regions.
The Volta Region was divided into the Oti Region. The Ahafo region and Bono East region respectively have been carved out of the then Brong-Ahafo region. This was in fulfillment of a promise made by candidate Nana Akuffo Addo in his 2016 campaign activities.
The Northern Region was divided into the North East Region and the Savannah Region. Out of the Western Region, the Western North was formed.
Ghana Map With 16 Regions
Below is the new Ghana Map with 16 Regions created to ensure equal economic growth among all the regions in the country;
List of All The 16 Regions In Ghana And Their Capitals
Below is a list of all regions in Ghana (both new and old) and their capitals;
The Northern Region – Tamale
It was the largest of the sixteen regions, encompassing 70,384 square kilometers or 31% of Ghana’s land area until December 2018, when the Savannah Region and North East Region were created. A total of 14 districts makes up the Northern Region, and Tamale is the regional capital.
The Ashanti Region – Kumasi
The Ashanti region was created on April 4, 1959. It is the third-largest of Ghana’s 16 administrative regions, covering 24,389 km2 (9,417 sq mi) and accounting for 10.2% of its total land area.
However, in terms of population, it is the most populous area, accounting for 19.4 percent of Ghana’s total population, with a population of 4,780,380 according to the 2011 census.
The Ashanti Region is noted for producing large quantities of gold bars and cocoa. Kumasi is the most populous city and the regional capital.
The Western Region – Sekondi
The Western Region, which stretches from the Ivory Coast (Comoé District) in the west to the Central Region in the east, contains the capital and huge twin city of Sekondi-Takoradi on the coast as coastal Axim and a rugged inland territory comprising Elubo.
It has Cape Three Points, Ghana’s most southern site, where commercial quantities of crude oil were discovered in June 2007. At the time of the 2021 Census, the region covered 13,842 square kilometers and had a population of 2,060,585. It has 22 districts, and its capital is Sekondi-Takoradi.
The Volta Region – Ho
The Volta Region (or Volta), with Ho as its capital, lies west of the Republic of Togo and east of Lake Volta. The territory, divided into 25 administrative districts, is multi-ethnic and multilingual, including ethnic groupings like the Ewe, Guan, and Akan peoples.
The Lolo, Likpe, Akpafu, Buem, and Nkonya (now part of the Oti area) are among the Guan peoples. The New Patriotic Party carved this region out of the Volta Region in December 2018.
The Eastern Region – Koforidua
The Eastern Region, is situated in the south of the country. The majority of the people in the Eastern area are Akans, and the main languages spoken are Akan, Ewe, Krobo, Hausa, and English.
Koforidua serves as the capital of the Eastern Region. The Akosombo dam is located in the Eastern Region, and the Eastern region’s economy is dominated by high-capacity power generation.
The Upper West Region – Wa
The Upper West Region of Ghana lies in the northwestern corner of the country, and Wa is the capital town and most populous town in the Upper West.
Under the Provisional National Defense Council (PNDC) military dictatorship, the Upper West was founded by then-Head of State, Flight-Lieutenant Jerry Rawlings, in 1983. It was Ghana’s youngest region for approximately 35 years until six more regions in 2018.
The Upper East Region – Bolgatanga
The Upper East Region is located in the north of the country. It covers 8,842 square kilometers of land, accounting for 2.7% of Ghana’s total land area.
Bolgatanga, often known as Bolga, is the regional capital for the Upper East. Navrongo, Paga, Bawku, and Zebilla are some of the region’s largest cities.
The Central Region – Cape Coast
The central region was created in 1970, just before the 1970 population census in Ghana. The Central region is known for its many prestigious higher education institutions and a thriving economy based on industrial minerals and tourism.
Many tourist attractions, including castles, forts, and beaches, can be found along the Central region’s coastline. Cape Coast is the capital of the Central Region.
The Bono East Region – Techiman
Ghana’s Bono East area was created out of the Brong Ahafo Region, and Techiman serves as the new region’s capital.
The Greater Accra Region – Accra
With a total land surface area of 3,245 square kilometers, the Greater Accra Region is the smallest of Ghana’s 16 administrative regions. It serves as the national capital of Ghana, and this accounts for 1.4% of Ghana’s total land area.
With a population of 5,455,692 in 2021, it is the second most populated region in Ghana, after the Ashanti Region, accounting for 17.7% of the overall population. The capital of the Greater Accra Region is Accra.
The Savannah Region – Damango
The Savannah Region of Ghana is one of its newest regions, yet it is also its largest. The new Savannah Region’s capital, Damongo, was established, and it lies in the country’s northwestern region.
The Savannah Region is divided into seven districts: Bole, Central Gonja, North Gonja, East Gonja, Sawla/Tuna/Kalba, West Gonja, North East Gonja, West Gonja, North East Gonja, and West Gonja, North East Gonja, as well as seven constituencies: Bole/Bamboi, Damongo, Daboya/Mankarigu, Salaga North, Salaga South, Sawla/Tuna/Kalba and Yapei /Kusawgu.
The North-East Region – Nareligu
It is located in the north of the country and was established in December 2018 following a referendum to separate it from the Northern region. Nalerigu in the region’s capital.
The Oti Region – Dambai
The Oti Region was established in December 2018 as one of Ghana’s six newly constituted regions. The northern part of the Volta Region was split away to create this region. It is found in the Krachi East district, and its capital is Dambai.
The Western North Region – Sefwi Wiawso
The Western North Region is one of Ghana’s six new regions. In the area, there are various small and large-scale gold mining companies. The Sefwis dominate the region’s ethnic culture, and Sefwi, Akan, French, and English are the primary languages spoken. It has nine districts, and its capital is Wiawso.
The Ahafo Region – Goaso
The Ahafo Region was amongst the new six regions created, and its capital is Goaso.
Bono Region – Sunyani
When the Bono East area and the Ahafo region were founded, the remainder of the Brong-Ahafo region became the Bono region. Sunyani, commonly known as the Green City of Ghana, is the cleanest capital city and a prominent conference site.
Presented above is the list of all the 16 regions in Ghana and their capitals
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